Glossary of Shipping Terms
GATT – Abbreviation for "General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade." A multilateral treaty to help reduce trade barriers between the signatory countries and to promote trade through tariff concessions. The World Trade Organization (WTO) superseded GATT in 1994.
GBL – Abbreviation for "Government Bill of Lading."
GDSM – Abbreviation for "General Department Store Merchandise." A classiﬁcation of commodities that includes goods generally shipped by mass-merchandise companies. This commodity structure occurs only in service contracts.
GRI – Abbreviation for "General Rate Increase." Used to describe an across-the-board tariff rate increase implemented by conference members and applied to base rates.
GVW – Abbreviation for "Gross Vehicle Weight." The combined total weight of a vehicle and its container, inclusive of prime mover.
Gateway – Industry-related: A point at which freight moving from one territory to another is interchanged between transportation lines.
General Cargo Carriers: – - Breakbulk freighters, car carriers, cattle carriers, pallet carriers and timber carriers. A vessel designed to carry heterogeneous mark and count cargoes.
General Order (G.O.) – When U.S. Customs orders shipments without entries to be kept in their custody in a bonded warehouse.
Generator Set (Gen Set) – A portable generator which can be attached to a refrigerated container to power the refrigeration unit during transit.
Global Maritime Intelligence Integration (GMII) – It is within the Ofﬁce of the Director of National Intelligence, with the mission to ensure government-wide access to maritime information and data critical to intelligence production and to serve as the focal point and oversight agent for maritime speciﬁc information issues.
Go-Down – In the Far East, a warehouse where goods are stored and delivered.
Gooseneck – The front rails of the chassis that raise above the plane of the chassis and engage in the tunnel of a container leading to the connection to tractor.
Government B/L (GBL): – - A bill of lading issued by the U.S. government.
Gross Tonnage (GT) – Applies to vessels, not to cargo, (0.2+0.02 log 10V) where V is the volume in cubic meters of all enclosed spaces on the vessel. Since 1994, it replaces "Gross Registered Tonnage." An approximate conversion ratio is 1NT = 1.7GT and 1GT = 1.5DWT.
Gross Weight – Entire weight of goods, packaging and freight car or container, ready for shipment. Generally, 80,000 pounds maximum container, cargo and tractor for highway transport.
Groupage – A consolidation service, putting small shipments into containers for shipment.