Glossary of Shipping Terms
T.&E. – Abbreviation for "Transportation and Exportation." Customs form used to control cargo movement from port of entry to port of exit, meaning that the cargo is moving from one country, through the United States, to another country.
TBN – To Be Nominated (when the name of a ship is still unknown).
TEU – Abbreviation for "Twenty foot Equivalent Unit."
TIR – Transport International par la Route. Road transport operating agreement among European governments and the United States for the international movement of cargo by road. Display of the TIR carnet allows sealed containerloads to cross national frontiers without inspection.
TL – Abbreviation for "Trailer Load."
TOFC – Abbreviation for "Trailer on Flat Car." The movement of a highway trailer on a railroad ﬂatcar. Also known as Piggyback.
Tail – Rear of a container or trailer-opposite the front or nose.
Tankers: – - Ships ﬁtted with tanks to carry liquid bulk cargo such as: crude petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, Liqueﬁed gasses (LNG and LPG), wine, molasses, and similar product tankers.
Tare Weight – In railcar or container shipments, the weight of the empty railcar or empty container.
Tariff (Trf.) – A publication setting forth the charges, rates and rules of transportation companies.
Telex – Used for sending messages to outside companies. Messages are transmitted via Western Union, ITT and RCA.Being replaced by fax and internet.
Temperature Recorder – A device to record temperature in a container while cargo is en route.
Tender – The offer of goods for transportation or the offer to place cars or containers for loading or unloading.
Tenor – Time and date for payment of a draft.
Terminal Charge – A charge made for a service performed in a carrier's terminal area.
Terminal – An assigned area in which containers are prepared for loading into a vessel, train, truck, or airplane or are stacked immediately after discharge from the vessel, train, truck, or airplane.
Terms of Sale – The point at which sellers have fulﬁlled their obligations so the goods in a legal sense could be said to have been delivered to the buyer. They are shorthand expressions that set out the rights and obligations of each party when it comes to transporting the goods. Following, are the thirteen terms of sale in international trade as Terms of Sale reﬂected in the recent amendment to the International chamber of Commerce Terms of Trade (INCOTERMS), effective July 1990: exw, fca, fas, fob, cfr, cif, cpt, cip, daf, des, deq, ddu and ddp.
The Domestic Outreach Plan – - engages non-Federal input to assist with the development and implementation of maritime security policies resulting from National Security Presidential Directive 41/HSPD-13.
The Global Maritime Intelligence Integration Plan – - uses existing capabilities to integrate all available intelligence regarding potential threats to U.S. interests in the Maritime Domain.
The International Outreach and Coordination Strategy – - provides a framework to coordinate all maritime security initiatives undertaken with foreign governments and international organizations, and solicits international support for enhanced maritime security.
The Maritime Operational Threat Response Plan – - facilitates coordinated U.S. government response to threats against the United States and its interests in the Maritime Do- main by establishing roles and responsibilities, which enable the government to respond quickly and decisively.
The National Plan to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness – - lays the foundation for an effective understanding of anything associated with the Maritime Domain and identifying threats as early and as distant from our shores as possible.
Third Party Logistics (3PL) – A company that provides logistics services to other companies for some or all of their logistics needs. It typically includes warehousing and transportation services. Most 3PL's also have freight forwarding licenses.
Through Rate – The total rate from the point of origin to ﬁnal destination.
Throughput Charge – The charge for moving a container through a container yard off or onto a ship.
Time Charter – A contract for leasing between the ship owners and the lessee. It would state, e.g., the duration of the lease in years or voyages.
Time Draft – A draft that matures either a certain number of days after acceptance or a certain number of days after the date of the draft.
To Order" B/L: – - See Negotiable B/L.
Ton-Mile – - A unit used in comparing freight earnings or expenses. The amount earned from the cost of hauling a ton of freight one mile. - The movement of a ton of freight one mile.
Tonnage – 100 cubic feet.
Tonnage – Generally refers to freight handled.
Top-Air Delivery – A type of air circulation in a container. In top air units, air is drawn from the bottom of the container, ﬁltered through the evaporator for cooling and then forced through the ducted passages along the top of the container. This type of airﬂow requires a special loading pattern.
Towage – The charge made for towing a vessel.
Tractor – Unit of highway motive power used to pull one or more trailers/containers.
Trade Acceptance – A time or a date draft that has been accepted by the buyer (the drawee) for payment at maturity.
Trafﬁc – Persons and property carried by transport lines.
Trailer – The truck unit into which freight is loaded as in tractor trailer combination. See Container.
Tramp Line – An ocean carrier company operating vessels not on regular runs or schedules.They call at any port where cargo may be available.
Transferable: – - A letter of credit that allows the beneﬁciary to transfer in whole or in part to another beneﬁciary any amount which, in aggregate, of such transfers does not exceed the amount of the credit. Used by middlemen.
Transportation & Exit (T&E) – Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond through the U.S. to be exported from another port, without paying duty.
Transportation Worker Identiﬁcation Credential (TWIC) – Established by Congress through the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) and is administered by the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and U.S. Coast Guard. TWICs are tamper resistant biometric credentials that will be issued to all credentialed merchant mariners and to workers who require unescorted access to secure areas of ports, vessels or outer continental shelf facilities.
Transport – To move cargo from one place to another.
Transshipment Port – Place where cargo is transferred to another carrier.
Transship – To transfer goods from one transportation line to another, or from one ship to another.
Trust Receipt – Release of merchandise by a bank to a buyer while the bank retains title to the merchandise. The goods are usually obtained for manufacturing or sales purposes. The buyer is obligated to maintain the goods (or the proceeds from their sales) distinct from the remainder of the assets and to hold them ready for repossession by the bank.
Turnaround – In water transportation, the time it takes between the arrival of a vessel and its departure.
Twist Locks – A set of four twistable bayonet type shear keys used as part of a spreader to pick up a container or as part of a chassis to secure the containers.
Two-Way Pallet – A pallet so designed that the forks of a fork lift truck can be inserted from two sides only.